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乔恩·卡巴·金博士 (Jon Kabat-Zinn, PhD) 简介

作者:佚名    文章来源:转载    点击数:    更新时间:2011-11-17

“正念减压疗法”创始人,当代主流医疗界、心理学界、心理健康运动高度认可世界级科学家和冥想导师,他毕生专注于将正念认知/正念减压疗法的研究教学和宣传推广。

科学家、畅销书作家、冥想导师、美国麻省大学医学院的荣誉医学博士、马萨诸塞州医学院的名誉退休医学教授。1971年毕业于麻省理工学院,师从诺贝尔奖得主,获分子生物学哲学博士。


在2011年秋天,这位大师将来到中国大陆,在北京、上海与主流医护界、心理治疗和咨询辅导以及企业界人士深入探讨正念减压理论和实践,并亲自带领两天的工作坊。


1979年,卡巴金博士为麻州大学医学院开设减压诊所,并设计了“正念减压”课程(Mindfulness—Based Stress Reduction,MBSR),协助病人以正念禅修处理压力、疼痛和疾病。

1995年,卡巴金博士在麻州大学设立“正念医疗健康中心”,并开始进行关于身心互动疗愈效能的研究与相关临床应用,希望能藉此有效缓减慢性疼痛及压力相关的种种失调症状。

他的著作有《多舛的生命之旅》,《此刻是一枝花》,《每天的祝福-正念养育的内在功课》(与其妻Myla Kabat-Zinn合著),以及《恢复理智:用心念为自我和世界疗伤》。他还与Williams, Teasdale和Segal三人分别合著了《治疗抑郁的正念方法:从慢性的负性情绪中释放出来》, 《到达您自己的那扇门: 正念的108课》和《让每件事成为老师》 。他的著述被翻译成30多种文字。

30多年来,卡巴金博士创发的“正念减压疗法”已被医疗、学校、企业、监狱等机构广为应用,目前美、加等地约有200多家医疗院所和相关机构都运用正念减压疗法帮助病人。

Jon Kabat-Zinn (né Kabat) (born June 5, 1944) is Professor of Medicine Emeritus and founding director of the Stress Reduction Clinic and the Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care, and Society at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. Kabat-Zinn was a student of Zen Master Seung Sahn and a founding member of Cambridge Zen Center. His practice of yoga and studies with Buddhist teachers led him to integrate their teachings with those of Western science. He teaches mindfulness meditation as a technique to help people cope with stress, anxiety, pain and illness.


Biography
Kabat-Zinn was born in 1944, to Elvin Kabat, a biomedical scientist, and Sally Kabat, a painter. Kabat-Zinn received his Ph.D. in molecular biology in 1971 from MIT where he studied under Salvador Luria, Nobel Laureate in medicine. Kabat-Zinn is the founder and former Executive Director of the Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care, and Society at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. He is also the founder (1979) and former director of its renowned Stress Reduction Clinic and Professor of Medicine emeritus at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.
Work

His life work has been largely dedicated to bringing mindfulness into the mainstream of medicine and society. Kabat-Zinn is the author or co-author of scientific papers on mindfulness and its clinical applications. He has written two bestselling books: Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain, and Illness (Delta, 1991), and Wherever You Go, There You Are: Mindfulness Meditation in Everyday Life (Hyperion, 1994). He co-authored with Myla Kabat-Zinn Everyday Blessings: The Inner Work of Mindful Parenting, (Hyperion, 1997). Other books include Coming to Our Senses (Hyperion, 2005) and his most recent book The Mindful Way Through Depression: Freeing Yourself from Chronic Unhappiness, co-authored with J. Mark G. Williams, John D. Teasdale and Zindel V. Segal (Guilford, 2007).
Kabat-Zinn has made significant contributions to modern health care with his research which focused on mind/body interactions for healing, and on various clinical applications of mindfulness meditation training for people with chronic pain and/or stress-related disorders. Kabat-Zinn began teaching the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) at the Stress Reduction Clinic in 1979. MBSR is an eight week course which combines meditation and Hatha yoga to help patients cope with stress, pain, and illness by using moment-to-moment awareness. Such mindfulness helps participants use their inner resources to achieve good health and well being. Kabat-Zinn and colleagues have studied the effects of practising moment-to-moment awareness on the brain, and how it processes emotions, particularly under stress, and on the immune system.
In 1993, Kabat-Zinn’s work in the Stress Reduction Clinic was featured in Bill Moyers's PBS special Healing and the Mind and in the book by Moyers of the same title. Kabat-Zinn and his colleagues published a research paper demonstrating in a small clinical trial a fourfold effect of the mind on the rate of skin clearing in patients with psoriasis undergoing ultraviolet light therapy.[1] A more recent paper[2] shows positive changes in brain activity, emotional processing under stress, and immune function in people taking an MBSR course in a corporate work setting in a randomized clinical trial.

Teachings
The core of Jon Kabat-Zinn's teachings can be found in his book, "Wherever You Go, There You Are: Mindfulness Meditation in Everyday Life."
His guided meditation practice cds are useful to people interested in learning how to meditate and for those looking to deepen their practice. He describes many different types of mindfulness: sitting, standing, lying down, walking and as an integral part of daily lives. One central theme is that meditation is the "adventure of a lifetime."
By presenting meditation to the West as an effective way to cope with the stresses of everyday life, these practice cds can provide relief to many struggling to cope with the frantic pace of urban life.
Jon Kabat-Zinn's meditation cds draw from multiple spiritual teachings and practices. His work promotes peace, inner reflection, compassion and tolerance.

Retreats
He conducts annual mindfulness retreats for business leaders and innovators, and with his colleagues at the Center For Mindfulness, conducts training retreats for health professionals in MBSR. Over 200 medical centers and clinics in the US and elsewhere now use the MBSR model.[3]
He is a board member of the Mind and Life Institute, a group that organizes dialogues between the Dalai Lama and Western scientists to promote deeper understanding of different ways of knowing and probing the nature of mind, emotions, and reality.[4]
On May 15, 2009, Zinn participated as a guest speaker at the Greater Good Science Center's Science of a Meaningful Life seminar on "Compassion, Mindfulness, and Well-being," along with University of California, Berkeley psychologist Dacher Keltner. In his presentation, he helped participants understand how practices that cultivate mindfulness, acceptance, and compassion can lead to profound and positive changes in health and well-being.

Personal life
Kabat-Zinn married Myla Zinn, the daughter of Roslyn and Howard Zinn. Their three grown children are Will, Naushon and Serena.[5]
Works

Full catastrophe living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness, by Jon Kabat-Zinn. Delta Trade Paperbacks, 1991. ISBN 0385303122.
Full catastrophe living: how to cope with stress, pain and illness using mindfulness meditation. Piatkus, 1996. ISBN 0749915854.
The power of meditation and prayer, with Sogyal Rinpoche, Larry Dossey, Michael Toms. Hay House, 1997. ISBN 1561704237.
Mindfulness Meditation for Everyday Life. Piatkus, 2001. ISBN 074991422X.
Wherever You Go, There You Are: Mindfulness Meditation in Everyday Life. Hyperion Books, 2005. ISBN 1401307787.
Coming to Our Senses: Healing Ourselves and the World Through Mindfulness. Hyperion, 2006. ISBN 0786886544.
The mindful way through depression: freeing yourself from chronic unhappiness, by J. Mark G. Williams, John D. Teasdale, Zindel V. Segal, Jon Kabat-Zinn. Guilford Press, 2007. ISBN 1593851286.
Arriving at Your Own Door. Piatkus Books, 2008. ISBN 0749928611.
Letting Everything Become Your Teacher: 100 Lessons in Mindfulness. Dell Publishing Company, 2009. ISBN 038534323X.

References
^ Kabat-Zinn et al., Psychosomatic Medicine 60:625-623 (1998)
^ Davidson, Kabat-Zinn, et al. Psychosomatic Medicine 65: 564-570 (2003)
^ "What is the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Course?".
^ "Jon Kabat-Zinn bio". Mind and Life Institute.
^ Gesund durch Meditation (page:330 and 331) the German translation of Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain and Illness
Mindfulness with Jon Kabat-Zinn

Sources
Jon Kabat-Zinn at the Center for Mindfulness
Jon Kabat-Zinn at University of Massachusetts Medical School
Talks by Jon Kabat-Zinn

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